What Was the Agreement of the Treaty of Versailles

The number of civilian members supporting the army has been reduced and the police force has been reduced to its pre-war size, with increases limited to population gains; Paramilitary forces have been banned. [No. 21] The Rhineland was to be demilitarized, all the fortifications of the Rhineland and 50 kilometers (31 miles) east of the river demolished and new buildings banned. [No. 22] Military structures and fortifications on the islands of Helgoland and Dune were to be destroyed. [No. 23] Germany was banned from the arms trade, the type and quantity of weapons were restricted, and the production or stockpiling of chemical weapons, armored cars, tanks and military aircraft was banned. [n. 24] The German Navy received six pre-dreadnought battleships and was limited to a maximum of six light cruisers (no more than 6,000 long tons (6,100 t)), twelve destroyers (no more than 800 tons long (810 t)) and twelve torpedo boats (no more than 200 tons long (200 t)) and received banned submarines. [No. 25] The strength of the navy should not exceed 15,000 men, including fleet occupancy, coastal defense, signal stations, administration, other land services, officers and men of all degrees and corps. The number of officers and arrest warrants could not exceed 1,500 men. [No.

5] Germany delivered eight battleships, eight light cruisers, forty-two destroyers and fifty torpedo boats for dismantling. Thirty-two auxiliary ships were to be disarmed and converted for commercial purposes. [No. 26] Article 198 prohibited Germany from having an air force, including the maritime air force, and required Germany to hand over all air-related materials. In this regard, Germany was prohibited from manufacturing or importing aircraft or similar equipment for a period of six months after the signing of the contract. [No. 27] The signing of the treaty was greeted by a crowd in front of the Palace of Versailles with roars, songs and dances of approval. In Paris itself, people rejoiced at the official end of the war,[76] the return of Alsace and Lorraine to the France, and the fact that Germany had agreed to pay reparations. [77] When the treaty was drafted, the British wanted Germany to abolish conscription but maintain a volunteer army. The French wanted Germany to maintain a conscription army of up to 200,000 men to justify its own maintenance of a similar force.

Thus, the allocation of the contract of 100,000 volunteers was a compromise between the British and the French posts. Germany, on the other hand, regarded the conditions as defenseless against any potential enemy. [173] Bernadotte Everly Schmitt wrote: “There is no reason to believe that allied governments were dishonest when they declared at the beginning of Part V of the treaty. that in order to allow a general reduction in the rearmament of all nations, Germany should first be obliged to disarm. The lack of U.S. ratification of the treaty or membership in the League of Nations left the France reluctant to disarm, leading to a German desire for rearmament. [73] Schmitt argued: “If the four Allies had remained united, they could really have forced Germany to disarm, and Germany`s willingness and ability to oppose other provisions of the Treaty would have diminished accordingly.” [174] On April 29, the German delegation, led by Foreign Minister Ulrich Graf von Brockdorff-Rantzau, arrived in Versailles. On May 7, faced with the conditions dictated by the victors, including the so-called “war guilt clause,” von Brockdorff-Rantzau Clemenceau, Wilson, and Lloyd George replied: “We know the full force of hatred we face here.

They demand that we confess that we were the only culprit of the war; Such a confession in my mouth would be a lie. [94] Because Germany was not allowed to participate in the negotiations, the German government protested what it saw as unjust demands and a “violation of honor”[95] and quickly withdrew from the course of the peace conference. The Treaty of Versailles (French: Treaty of Versailles) is the most important of the peace treaties that ended world War I. The treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied powers. It was signed at Versailles on June 28, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which had led directly to the war. The other central powers on the German side signed separate treaties. [i] Although the armistice was declared on September 11. Signed in November 1918, which ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations by the Allies at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. .